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駐英大使劉曉明發表署名文章:拒絕華爲就是拒絕未來

http://dailynews.sina.com   2020年07月29日 19:18   澎湃新聞

  原標題:駐英大使劉曉明發表署名文章:拒絕華爲就是拒絕未來

  2020年7月29日,香港主流英文大報《南華早報》在紙質版和網絡版刊登劉曉明大使署名文章:《拒絕華爲就是拒絕未來》。全文如下:

  最近,英國政府宣佈將在未來5G建設中“禁用華爲”。這是一個令人失望和寒心的錯誤決定。我認爲,拒絕華爲就是拒絕機遇,就是拒絕增長,就是拒絕未來。

  首先,拒絕華爲就是拒絕機遇。

  200多年前,英國引領第一次工業革命,中國錯失了第一次工業革命的歷史機遇。當前第四次工業革命正蓬勃發展,而第五代移動通信網絡是關乎第四次工業革命的關鍵基礎設施。現在英國拒絕華爲,意味着放棄了5G領域最具創新能力的企業和最先進的技術,英國5G發展將落入慢車道,英國也可能錯失參與和引領第四次工業革命的時代先機。

  華爲曾是中英互利合作的典範,過去十年中國對英投資增長了20倍,中英企業在英國密切合作、協力創新、共同成長。英國制定了在2025年實現5G和全光纖網絡全覆蓋的計劃,華爲擁有強大製造能力和優秀研發團隊,本可爲英國5G建設提供助力,英國在人才、技術和創意上也有比較優勢,但現在拒絕華爲將使英國錯失中英在5G發展中優勢互補、攜手並進、共同引領5G時代的機遇。

  第二,拒絕華爲就是拒絕增長。

  5G關乎全球經濟增長的新動能。當前,新冠肺炎疫情對世界經濟造成嚴重衝擊,英國經濟遭遇數十年來最嚴重衰退,推動疫後經濟復甦是各國共同面臨的艱鉅任務。華爲在英國運營20多年,累計採購投資30多億英鎊,創造2.6萬個就業崗位,建立了5個研發中心,爲英國電信業和經濟社會發展做出巨大貢獻。華爲2018年宣佈未來5年追加投資30億英鎊,但現在這些投資計劃將難以實現。

  據英國電信運營商估計,將華爲設備從通信網絡中拆除將耗費數十億英鎊,未來英國5G建設將推遲至少2至3年,多花費68億英鎊,英國消費者將最終爲這一錯誤決定買單。更爲重要的是,中國是全球最具活力、增長最快的市場,連續14年成爲世界經濟增長的主要發動機,我們歡迎包括英國在內的世界各國搭乘中國發展快車。拒絕華爲將使英國錯失中國發展紅利,遲滯創新增長步伐,增加經濟復甦困難。

  第三,拒絕華爲就是拒絕未來。

  5G關乎人類未來發展的方方面面。5G作爲新一輪科技革命的代表性技術,與雲計算、大數據、人工智能、區塊鏈等結合,將開啓萬物互聯、人機深度交互、智能引領變革的新徵程,爲傳統產業數字化轉型按下“加速鍵”,給未來全球發展注入新的強勁動力。據預測,至2035年,5G有望爲全球經濟產出增加13.2萬億美元,創造2230萬個就業崗位。

  中國已經進入5G時代,到今年年底將建成60多萬個5G基站,擁有2億個5G用戶。在中國抗擊疫情過程中,5G在實現遠程診療發揮了重要作用,爲患者提供了快捷優質的服務,爲醫護工作者提供了更好的保護。疫情催生的“無接觸經濟”也生動詮釋了5G作爲網絡基礎設施的重要價值和廣闊前景。未來5G將帶動智慧交通、智慧農業、智慧醫療、智慧教育、智慧城市等建設,全面改變人們的生產和生活方式。華爲是5G的領軍者,與華爲合作,可以助力英國在數字經濟時代獲得領先優勢,實現更大發展;而拒絕華爲,將使英國錯失引領5G時代的光明未來。

歷史總是要前進的,不會等待猶豫者。面對5G時代的世界發展大潮,各國只有相互尊重,保持開放,選對方向,才能贏得未來。希望英國有識之士從中英合作和兩國人民福祉出發,在華爲問題上傾聽理性聲音,做出明智選擇,擁抱機遇、擁抱增長、擁抱未來。

  文章英文原文:

  By banning Huawei, Britain is turning its back on a 5G-dominated future

  On 29 July 2020, South China Morning Post carried an article by Ambassador Liu Xiaoming entitled By banning Huawei, Britain is turning its back on a 5G-dominated future。 The full text is as follows:

  The British government‘s recent decision to remove Huawei from its 5G networks is disappointing and disheartening, because I believe refusing Huawei is refusing opportunities, refusing growth and refusing the future。

  Over 200 years ago, China missed the historic opportunity of the First Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain, and learned a lesson the hard way。 Now, as the Fourth Industrial Revolution unfolds, with fifth-generation mobile networks as key infrastructure, Britain runs the risk of missing the opportunity to take part or take the lead in this thriving new development because it is turning its back on Huawei。

  This means rejecting the most innovative company and most advanced technology in 5G。 The result will be much slower development of the 5G industry in Britain。

  Huawei is a microcosm of growing Chinese investment in Britain, which in the past 10 years alone has increased by 20 times and enabled Chinese and British companies to work closely together to achieve innovation and common development。 As Britain strives to achieve full 5G and fibre coverage by 2025, Huawei would have been a great help。

  Britain has been presented with an opportunity to match up its strengths in talent, technology and creative ideas with Huawei‘s strong manufacturing capabilities and outstanding research team to take the lead in the era of 5G。 However, this invaluable opportunity has been rejected。

  There is no doubt 5G will create new impetus for global growth。 This is particularly true given the economic impact of Covid-19 on the world, including Britain, that has resulted in the most severe recession in decades。 Post-pandemic economic recovery is a daunting task for all countries。

  In 20-plus years since coming to Britain, Huawei has brought in more than £3 billion (US$3.86 billion) in procurement and investment, created 26,000 jobs and established five research centres, making enormous contributions to the development of the telecommunications industry, economic growth and social progress in the country。

  In 2018, the company announced a further investment plan of £3 billion in the next five years, which is a positive vote for growth in Britain。 Unfortunately, this will now be subject to uncertainties in light of the British government‘s recent decision。

  This decision, in addition to hampering growth, also comes with a bill which will inevitably be paid by consumers。 British telecommunications operators estimate that removing Huawei equipment from their networks would cost billions of pounds and result in a delay of at least two to three years and an extra cost of £6.8 billion in Britain‘s 5G roll-out。

  Moreover, there is the risk of missing a share of the development bonus of China, the world‘s most vigorous and fastest-growing market and a major powerhouse for world economic growth for 14 years in a row。 China welcomes all countries, including Britain, aboard the fast train of its development。

  However, Britain is choosing to turn down this offer despite the urgent need to accelerate innovation and jump-start economic recovery to build a future for generations to come。

  Now, that future is not coming any nearer。 5G technology has a bearing on every aspect of the future of mankind。 As a symbol of the new round of scientific and technological revolution, 5G – combined with cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence and blockchain – will unleash enormous progress in the Internet of Things, human-computer interaction and transformation led by smart technology。

  It will fast-forward the digitalisation of traditional industries and create new and robust impetus for future global growth。 It is estimated that, by 2035, 5G will drive up global economic output by US$13.2 trillion and create 22.3 million jobs。

  China has stepped into the era of 5G。 In the fight against Covid-19, 5G has played an important role in China in remote diagnosis and treatment, quick and high-quality patient services, and better safeguards for medical workers。

  It has also facilitated the contactless economy during the pandemic, which is a vivid illustration of the important value and promise of 5G as network infrastructure。 By the end of this year, there will be more than 600,000 5G base stations and 200 million 5G users in China。

  Going forward, 5G will drive the “smart” trend in transport, agriculture, medical care, education and urban management, and bring a complete transformation to industrial production and daily life。

  Huawei is a leader in 5G。 Britain could either choose to cooperate with Huawei and gain an edge in the era of the digital economy, or refuse such cooperation and give up leadership in a 5G-dominated future。

  History does not wait for the hesitant。 In the face of the overwhelming trend of 5G development, countries must respect each other, remain open and choose cooperation to build a bright future together。

  I hope visionary people in Britain will see the big picture of Chinese-British cooperation, bear in mind the well-being of the peoples of the two countries, listen to reasonable voices and make a wise choice on Huawei so as to embrace opportunities, embrace growth and embrace the future。

  來源:“中國駐英國大使館”微信公號

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